Document Type : Original Article


1 Executive Manager, Institute of Mechanics , ISRC,

2 Space Sensor Group, Institute of Mechanics , ISRC,


Various sensors can be used to attitude determination of a satellite, including the Earth Horizon Sensor. These sensors generally divided into two types: static and scanning types. In the static type, two- dimensional array or several linear arrays capture instantly the Earth image information to attitude determination. In the scanning type sensors, a narrow-band optical beam mechanically sweeps a ring of space to find the crossing point of the beam to the Earth using a single spot detector. In this research, a new algorithm for a static earth horizon sensor with a two-dimensional array is presented. The algorithm does not need elevation of the sensor and this is the main advantage with respect to old ones. To extract the equations, a tangent vectors from the aperture of the pine- hole camera to the Earth is considered and this vector is extracted in two different body coordinates and base coordinates that are connected to the ground. By equating the two, an equation with three unknowns of pitch, roll and elevation is obtained. The equation is satisfied by each pixel on the Earth horizon Thus; the system of equations is formed by the number of the Earth horizon pixels in the camera image and parameters are estimated by  numerical solving of the unknown equations.


Main Subjects

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