Document Type : Original Article


1 Iranian space research institute

2 Faculty member, faculty of Electrical engineering, KN Toosi university of technology

3 Iranian Space Research Center


The antenna of a high throughput satellite payload should generate multiple spot beams simultaneously to provide frequency reuse by creating cellular coverage for the satellite. The phased array antenna is a proper option for this application. In geostationary orbit, the satellite field of view is limited, and dividing it to several tight beams poses many challenges to the antenna design. The large dimensions of the radiating aperture, high number of radiant elements, the need for dividing the array to several sub-arrays, which lead to appearance of grating lobes, and the orthogonality of the beams with tiny angular distance are the challenges of the antenna design. In this article, a multiple beam phased array antenna in Ka-band with microwave beam forming network is synthesized and designed to meet aforementioned challenges. The sub-beam technique has been used for decreasing the array dimensions. For eliminating the grating lobes, the array has been divided into interleaved sub-arrays in two dimensions. A new beam forming network which can generate 20×20 simultaneous orthogonal beams in an area with coverage widths of 10˚ and 8.8˚ in longitude and latitude directions has been devised in this paper.


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