Document Type : Original Article
1 دانشگاه تبریز
3 materials eng. dep., mechanical eng., faculty, university of tabriz, tabriz, iran
4 Eng. faculty of bonab university, bonab, iran
Platinum nanoparticles are widely used in the oil and gas industries, electronics, space tools, pharmaceutical industries, biomaterials and etc.
Platinum catalysts are more active and selective than the other catalysts. In this regard, the preparation of a suitable alumina catalyst base and more effective coating of platinum particles are presenting an important role in increasing the quality and efficiency of the catalyst. The purpose of this research is to prepare a high Specific surface area alumina base via aluminum anodizing and coating them with platinum particles. As a result, two steps of the work have been carried out, which are as follows: anodizing aluminum in an oxalic acid solution and optimizing its parameters to reach alumina nanotubes with controlled diameter, thickness and height. Subsequently, the research is resumed using scanning electron microscopy and data related to the special surface.
In the next step, different amounts of platinum coatings using a suitable metal salt and solvent is deposited via an optimized electrochemical method.
Finally, nanotubes with a diameter, thickness, height of about 60 nm, 20 nm, 15 μm, respectively were produced as the catalyst base.
The optimized parameters include: applied voltage of 40 v DC and temperature range of 0-4 °C and the duration of anodizing for 7 h.
The platinum coat array is masked on the substrate lithographically.
The Samples are prepared using H2PtCl6.6H2O under an electrochemical 12V AC of 200 Hz with a sinusoidal waveform in a solution at a concentration of 8 mM in 150 seconds.
The specific surface area was 3.16 m2/g and the absorbed gas volume was 0.728 cm3/g, absorption and desorption isotherm had a hysteresis suitable for catalytic activity.
This knowledge was acquired in order to optimize the synthesis and coating conditions of the substrate with a suitable coating for catalytic applications and thermal knives.
این کار حاصل همکاری محققین پژوهشگاه فضایی ایران، پژوهشکده رانشگرهای فضایی با دانشگاه تبریز در قالب پروژه تحقیقاتی( پایان نامه) کارشناسی ارشد بوده است. امید است دستاوردهای این طرح برای مراکز تحقیقاتی فضایی ثمربخش باشد.